The Modernista period saw the revival of the art of stained-glass in Catalonia thanks to its inclusion as a decorative feature in homes, even as an ornamental element in furnishings.
Wrought-iron and metalwork
The Modernista workshops combined modern industry’s innovations in technique and methodology with a manufacturing structure of medieval origins that had never quite disappeared, even though mechanisation and mass production were gaining ground over artisanal production methods.
The more industrial decorative arts
Industry’s most notable contributions were produced by factories that specialised in ceramic and porcelain stoneware tiles, lime and cement by-products and even inventions such as papier-mâché tiles: a very varied group of materials and methods that required the finest techniques to manufacture standardised products.
During Modernisme, furniture became a fundamental element of interiors. In workshops’ manufacturing practice—part mass and part industrial production—they revived age-old techniques such as marquetry and pyrography but also employed mechanical systems to construct structures. In addition, they used renowned artists to create new designs.
Dressing the body and the house
The reforming spirit of Modernisme led to the revitalisation of many crafts regarded as artistic, and for needlework and the textile arts in particular this period represented a highpoint: production rose, new models and repertoires were introduced and new leading figures associated with various techniques emerged. Alongside this revival of the textile crafts, the world of jewellery regained the splendour it had achieved in previous centuries.
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