La Pedrera
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Modernisme. Art, Workshops, Industries

Stained glass

The Modernista period saw the revival of the art of stained-glass in Catalonia thanks to its inclusion as a decorative feature in homes, even as an ornamental element in furnishings.

 

Wrought-iron and metalwork

The Modernista workshops combined modern industry’s innovations in technique and methodology with a manufacturing structure of medieval origins that had never quite disappeared, even though mechanisation and mass production were gaining ground over artisanal production methods.

 

The more industrial decorative arts

Industry’s most notable contribu­tions were produced by factories that specialised in ceramic and porcelain stoneware tiles, lime and cement by-products and even inventions such as papier-mâché tiles: a very varied group of materials and methods that required the finest techniques to manufacture standardised products.

 

Artistic carpentry

During Modernisme, furniture became a fundamental element of interiors. In workshops’ manufacturing practice—part mass and part industrial production—they revived age-old techniques such as marquetry and pyrography but also employed mechanical systems to construct structures. In addition, they used renowned artists to create new designs.

 

Dressing the body and the house

The reforming spirit of Modern­isme led to the revitalisation of many crafts regarded as artistic, and for needlework and the textile arts in particular this period represented a highpoint: production rose, new models and repertoires were introduced and new leading figures associated with various techniques emerged. Alongside this revival of the textile crafts, the world of jewellery regained the splendour it had achieved in previous centuries.

 

 

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Casa Milà, popularly known as «La Pedrera» (the stone quarry), an ironic allusion to the resemblance of its façade to an open quarry, was constructed between 1906 and 1912 by Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926). For its uniqueness, artistic and heritage value has received major recognition and in 1984 was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List, for its exceptional universal value. Nowadays is the headquarters of Fundació Catalunya-La Pedrera and houses a cultural centre that is a reference in Barcelona for the range of activities it organises and the different spaces for exhibitions and other public uses it contains.              

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